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Sex chart zone gauteng

The name "South Africa" is derived from the country's geographic location at the southern tip of Africa.

In Mpumalanga, several stone circles have been found along with the stone arrangement that has been named Adam's Calendar.

At the time of European contact, the dominant ethnic group were Bantu-speaking peoples who had migrated from other parts of Africa about one thousand years before.

The National Party imposed apartheid in 1948, institutionalising previous racial segregation.

After a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress and other anti-apartheid activists both inside and outside the country, the repeal of discriminatory laws began in 1990.

The two major historic groups were the Xhosa and Zulu peoples.

In 1487, the Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias led the first European voyage to land in southern Africa.

In terms of purchasing power parity, South Africa has the seventh-highest per capita income in Africa.

However, poverty and inequality remain widespread, with about a quarter of the population unemployed and living on less than US$1.25 a day.

Further hominin remains have been recovered from the sites of Makapansgat in Limpopo, Cornelia and Florisbad in the Free State, Border Cave in Kwa Zulu-Natal, Klasies River Mouth in eastern Cape and Pinnacle Point, Elandsfontein and Die Kelders Cave in Western Cape.

These sites suggest that various hominid species existed in South Africa from about three million years ago starting with Australopithecus africanus.

Other sites include Swartkrans, Gondolin Cave Kromdraai, Coopers Cave and Malapa.